LEI ZHOU, Ph.D.

Senior Research Scientist. Lei has extensive knowledge of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) surveys, particularly the fiscal datasets of the Common Core of Data (CCD). She has led the quality assurance and data file production efforts for the CCD fiscal datasets, including the National Public Education Financial Survey, Local Education Agency (School District) Finance Survey (F-33), Teacher Compensation Survey, and School Level Finance Survey. Immediately prior to joining Activate, Lei served as a senior analyst on the Education Statistics Support Institute Network for NCES. Lei has years of experience in disclosure risk analysis and applying data swapping techniques to protect the confidentiality of survey subjects. She has performed quantitative analysis, written documentations, and authored technical reports for clients at NCES. Lei holds a SAS base programming certificate and was trained by SAS Institute on SAS macro language, SAS SQL, and design and analysis of probability surveys. Lei received both her Ph.D. in economics and M.S. in statistics from Utah State University.

Experience


Senior Research Scientist,  Activate Research, Inc.

Washington, D.C.
Jan 2014 – Present

Provide support to the CCD fiscal survey staff at NCES for data file and documentation preparation, file review, data analysis, and the writing of CCD reports

  • Review data files and report tables
  • Respond to data requests from the Congress, other Education Department programs and offices, NCES Commissioner’s office, media reporters, and researchers
  • Provide support for workshops and conferences
  • Carry out specific research projects to improve the CCD data quality, production efficiency, statistical methodology, or data coverage
  • Review all the CCD data products uploaded on the NCES development server

Senior Analyst,  Avar Consulting, Inc.

Rockville, MD
Apr 2012 – Dec 2013

Provided support to the CCD staff at NCES to ensure data quality, improve statistical methodology, and increase production efficiency of data files and reports

  • Performed quality assurance on data files and report tables
  • Reviewed data products on the NCES development server
  • Responded to data requests to NCES from data users
  • Provided support for workshops and conferences
  • Carried out specific research projects assigned by NCES

Senior Research Analyst,  MacroSys, LLC

Arlington, VA
Jan 2010 – Mar 2012

Provided support to the CCD fiscal survey staff at NCES for data file and documentation preparation, file review, data analysis, and the writing of CCD reports

  • Reviewed CCD fiscal data files, report tables, and data products on the NCES development server
  • Created data files and file documentations
  • Planned and executed data analyses
  • Reviewed the CCD fiscal data products uploaded on the NCES development server
  • Conducted disclosure risk analysis and applied data swapping to protect confidentiality

Research Analyst, MacroSys Research & Technology

Washington, DC
Jan 2008 – Dec 2009

Provided support to the CCD fiscal survey staff at NCES for data file and documentation preparation, file review, data analysis, and the writing of CCD reports

  • Performed quantitative analyses on teacher compensation data and school fiscal data
  • Created restricted-use and public-use data files based on nation-wide individual level survey data
  • Conducted disclosure risk analysis and applied data swapping to protect confidentiality
  • Generated reports and tables
  • Reviewed data files and wrote data documentations

Research Associate, MacroSys Research & Technology

Washington, DC
Jun 2006 – Dec 2007

Provided support to the CCD fiscal survey staff at NCES for data file and documentation preparation, file review, and the writing of CCD reports

  • Completed quantitative analyses on school fiscal data
  • Generated reports and tables
  • Reviewed data files and wrote data documentations for nation-wide annual survey data
EDUCATION
Ph.D., Economics
Utah State University, Logan, UT
May 2005


M.A., Statistics
Utah State University, Logan, UT
May 2004


M.A., Economics
Northeast University of Finance and Economics, Dalian, China
Jul 1998


B.A., Economics
Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
Jul 1995
PUBLICATIONS

Cornman, S.Q., Ampadu, O.L., Wheeler, S., and Zhou, L. (2018). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2014–15 (Fiscal Year 2015) (NCES 2018-303). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Cornman, S.Q., and Zhou, L. (2016). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2013–14 (Fiscal Year 2014) (NCES 2016-301). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L., Biswas, B., Bowles, T., and Saunders, P. (2011). Impact of Globalization on Income Distribution Inequality in 60 Countries. Global Economy Journal, Volume 11, Issue 1. Berkley, CA: The Berkeley Electronic Press.

Cornman, S.Q., Johnson, F., Zhou, L., Honegger, S., and Noel, A.M. (2010). An Evaluation of the Data From the Teacher Compensation Survey:  School Year 2006–07 (NCES 2010-329). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L. (2010). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2007–08 (Fiscal Year 2008) (NCES 2010-326). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L. (2009). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2006–07 (Fiscal Year 2007) (NCES 2009-338). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L. (2009). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2006–07 (Fiscal Year 2007) (NCES 2009-337). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L. (2008). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005–06 (Fiscal Year 2006).U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L., and Gaviola, N. (2007). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2004–05 (Fiscal Year 2005) (NCES 2007-355). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Zhou, L., Honegger, S., and Gaviola, N. (2007). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2004–05 (Fiscal Year 2005) (NCES 2007-356). U.S. Department of Education. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Hill, J. and Zhou, L. Documentation for the NCES Common Core of Data School District Finance Survey (F-33), School Year 1991–92 (Fiscal Year 1992) (NCES 2007-322). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

WORKSHOPS

NCES 2016 STATS-DC Data Conference, Fiscal Coordinators’ Workshop and Fiscal Coordinators Roundtable. National Center for Education Statistics, Department of Education, Washington, DC; July 12 – 13, 2016.

NCES Teacher Compensation Survey Technical Expert Panel Meeting. National Center for Education Statistics, Department of Education, Washington, DC; May 20 – 21, 2013.

2013 Common Core of Data (CCD) Fiscal New Coordinators Training. National Center for Education Statistics, Department of Education, Washington, DC; May 16, 2013.

Common Core of Data (CCD) Teacher Compensation Survey Workshop. National Center for Education Statistics, Department of Education, Washington, DC; September 20, 2012.